In 1969, Cleveland’s Cuyahoga (“crooked river” in Iroquois) River was the most polluted river in America. It was filled with burbling pockets of sludge and oil from the steel factories that lined its shore. In June, the river burst into flames and burned for several days. Mayor Carl Stokes lobbied Congress and environmental-protection agencies for grants to clean up the Cuyahoga and force the factories to install pollution-control devices.



Ray’s MTB Indoor Park – Cleveland
Located in Cleveland (9801 Walford Avenue), this Subaru-sponsored indoor park for mountain bikers and other bike riders was the world’s first. Read about it in the Winter 2010 issue or on Ray’s website.
Also, find videos about Ray’s parks in Cleveland and Milwaukee here.

Fast forward to the 21st century. Today, people canoe, fish, and kayak the Cuyahoga. The factories are gone.


Cleveland has become known for its outstanding architecture with buildings by Frank Gehry (Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health, Cleveland Clinic), I.M. Pei (Rock and Roll Hall of Fame), and Philip Johnson (Cleveland Play House). The city is a hub for cultural venues such as the Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland Institute of Music, and the Cleveland Botanical Garden. Plus, it is known worldwide for its medical community, which is based in the Cleveland Clinic and Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine.


Reborn Cleveland has resources to involve, entertain, enlighten, and entice its visitors.







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